Up and down and again and again (annoys it)… How yoga can help to balance hormonal fluctuations.
Sky-high cheering, totally exhausted
In former times and rather rarely there were people who had a crop and hid it behind a scarf. Today there are not only many people who had or have had to do with the thyroid gland, but above all many women. Statistically, thyroid diseases are just behind high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. They belong to the portfolio of the urban population of the 21st century like the smartphone and the Riester pension: Accessories for a hectic lifestyle that longs for peace and security.
What does the thyroid actually do?
It can cause a lot of trouble for being so small. It lies below the larynx on the windpipe and normally weighs no more than 25 grams. She is responsible for the production of the two thyroid hormones T3 and T4. These two hormones are more in our hands than we would like them to be, because they determine the metabolic state of the organism and influence crucial bodily functions: Our energy consumption, the regulation of body heat, our nerves, our muscles, our cardiovascular system, our stomach and intestines, our sexuality and our satisfaction.
The thyroid gland receives commands from the brain, pituitary gland and hypothalamus. For this purpose, the two control regions monitor the hormone level in the blood. If this level drops, the pituitary gland releases the messenger substance TSH, which causes an increased release of hormones in the thyroid gland. If, on the other hand, the thyroid hormone level exceeds normal, the pituitary gland retains further TSH until normal hormone levels are restored. Note: the hormone level is decisive.
Why doesn’t the thyroid gland work?
The most important diseases of the thyroid gland are hypofunction, hyperfunction and benign enlargement of the organ.
A life squeezed between extremes
Underactive thyroid glands are characterized by a lack of thyroid hormone in the blood. Typical complaints are: slower thinking and/or speaking, disinterest, weight gain, a bloated face, excessive cold sensation, fatigue without explanation, decreased efficiency and sluggish bowel activity.
Other symptoms : If the hair thins out and falls out more often, if menstruation stops regularly, if excessive hair growth occurs on the face, or if the neck swells.
In turn, hyperthyroidism has a high concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood. Typical symptoms can be found at the other end of the scale: Hecticness, nervousness, weight loss, insomnia, feeling of heat, exhaustion and diarrhoea.
Other symptoms: When your appetite suddenly increases or decreases, when you start sweating a lot and quickly, when you sleep badly at night, when even the smallest decisions cause nervousness and panic.
The mentioned goiter indicates an enlarged thyroid gland caused by iodine deficiency. Iodine is an indispensable component of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. The enlarged gland can cause mechanical impairments such as narrowing of the airways.
How can yoga help to stabilize this tiring attitude to life, which fluctuates between extremes?
Yoga exercises cannot be a substitute for drug therapy, but they can reduce the dosage if the exercise lasts a long time.
Breathing exercises for the thyroid gland
Breathing techniques such as Kapalabhati, Nadi Shodhana also called Anuloma Viloma (reciprocal nasal breathing), Bhastrika and Ujjayi breathing, but also Bhramari (bee buzzing) and cooling Pranayama can positively influence the symptoms of thyroid hyperfunction and hyperfunction.
Asanas for the thyroid gland
For a sub-function
Stimulates the thyroid gland through the pressure effect as well as the pituitary gland and the pineal gland. These influence, see above, the thyroid gland function.
You should only practise the shoulder stand alone if you have already practised it under the guidance of an experienced teacher. Here are some instructions: Lie on your back and make sure that your neck is straight and protected from too much pressure. Now press your legs and hips up vertically with the help of your hands and then support your hands parallel.
to the spine in the back so you’re stable. Your entire body weight now rests on your arms, shoulders and head. Make sure that the neck does not carry any weight and avoid changing the neck in this position.
Put your legs up against the wall (Viparitakarani):
Put your legs up along a wall. Also push a bolster under your hip so that it is slightly higher than your heart. Stay in this position for several minutes, close your eyes and breathe.
Stretch your legs, lie on your outstretched arms. Raise your head and chest by bending your elbows and leaning on your hands and forearms. Put the head in the back of the neck. Take a deep breath.
Warning: To avoid overstretching your neck, this asana will only be practiced with a shoulder plate underneath.
Especially beginners should be careful when ploughing. Lie on your back. Feet touch, arms lie beside the body. With exhalation, raise your legs up and place your feet behind your head on the ground or a bolster. With inhalation you dissolve the exercise in the opposite direction.